What is the meaning of Autism?
Autism or autism spectrum is a developmental disability, it affects the ability to communicate and how people relate to others and their ability to experience the world around them.
Why we call it Autism Spectrum?
It is called Autism Spectrum and it means that kids can suffer from this condition at different level of severity and could be categorize from being subtle to severe.
Autism in Kids:
Around 1 in 100 kids have Autism Spectrum Condition.
Boys tend to have more in number as compared to girls when it comes to Autism Spectrum Condition, their ratio is 1:2 to 1:15 According to various studies.
Symptoms of Autism Spectrum
- Difficulty in communication and social interaction: Autistic kids lack the ability to have meaningful conversation with others and also lack the courage to pay attention. They find the gestures and facial expression of other people bit confusing and that’s why they find it difficult to have a social interaction or communication.
- Difficulty in Imaginative Play: Autistic kids find it difficult to imagine certain scenarios of everyday life as normal kids do while playing imaginative play of any sort. They usually repeat certain actions again and again and lack problem solving skills.
- Academic Skills: As we have read in point 2 that autistic kids lack social interaction skills, because of this they also lack they ability to work and study in group with other class fellows.
- Language Understanding and Skills: Autistic kids find it difficult to understand the language and words and also the concept behind those words like up, down, under, right, left, on and in etc.
- Physical Education and Self Care Skills: Autistic kids do find it difficult to take care to basic hygiene like teeth brushing, cleaning and wiping after using toilet and washing hands. Likewise, they also lack some ability for physical skills like catching ball, throwing the ball, holding pen and balancing etc.
- Sensory Skills: Autistic kids are either less sensitive to the stimulus (touch, smell, vision, taste or hearing noises) or hypersensitive, depending on the level of autism.
How an Autistic Child Behaves?
- Less eye contact
- Aggressive if something they don’t like happens and show tantrum and anger in a prolonged way.
- Usually communicates in a non-verbal manner like pointing out something they want or take you near to that object or by crying and showing bad moods.
- Show anxiety even if little changes happen in everyday routine.
- Takes time to learn about potty training and remain unaware of wetting themselves in some cases.
- Develop obsession for one specific toy or abject to a very high level.
- Play with toys in a very different way, like while playing with cars for example, rather than racing them like other kids do, they prefer to line them up and do the same with all other toys of their interest.
- Autistic kids do have disruptive sleep patterns most of the times.
- They do one specific action aver and over again like chewing sleeves, flicking fingers, flap hands, move to and fro while sitting or other specific movements and they also show more interest walking on their toes.
- Autistic kids show great anger and dislike towards specific texture of clothes and thing to wear and also to loud noises and sounds.
When to see a Doctor?
If you think that your child might have autism then go to your doctor as discuss in detail. You will be asked to give prolonged history of your child’s behavior. Most of the kids get diagnosed around the age of 6 years.
It is better to get medical help and therapy as soon as possible. There is no specific management and therapy for autistic kids as it depends of their symptoms and severity. So, treatment can vary from child to child as per their condition.
I am sure you all find this article really helpful. I will be sharing more articles about autistic kids and all about dealing with them and about activities for these kids. Please let me know what you all wanted to know about autism and I will share the useful reads accordingly.