Eczema is a skin condition in which our skin becomes dry, scaly and in worst cases infected. This skin condition is also known as Atopic Dermatitis. It is very common condition and in this article we will be discussing everything about eczema and will answer the question “what is the cure for eczema?” in detail.
I am sure every Parent has a lot of questions in mind if their babies are suffering from eczema, so, in this article we will also discuss causes of eczema in babies and its management in a simplistic way.
- Family History.
- Skin products like lotions, moisturizers, ointments and soaps that contain chemicals.
- Allergies to certain products, detergents and food.
- Carelessness with dry skin can also lead to Eczema.
How Eczema Happens:
Our Skin Comprises of three layers, i,e.,
- Epidermis- Provides a water-proof barrier to our skin in order to maintain skin moisture & tone.
- Dermis-contain hair follicles, sweat glands and connective tissues.
- Hypodermis- contain connective tissues and collagen.
So, as you see, the top most layer Epidermis is responsible to maintain moisture of our skin. If skin becomes allergic to something and if the skin is very very dry and flaky then it wont maintain proper moisture, which leads to skin drying, flaky skin, redness and itchiness and if remains untreated can cause bleeding and infection.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS:
- Skin dryness.
- Flaky skin.
- Boils and pimple like raised areas on skin.
- Bleeding & infection if remains untreated.
CARE & MANAGEMENT:
Eczema care and management is somewhat similar like we do in dry skin and in this skin condition is very disturbing not only for your child but also for parents. It is very difficult for babies to have a good sleep because of itchiness and uncomfortable feeling they have with eczema and so it is very disturbing for parents as well. So, to minimize all these discomforts, following steps of management should be followed:
- Use of fragrance free skin products for babies and kids.
- Use non-bio detergent for washing clothes.
- Moisturize with paraffin, petroleum jelly or simple fragrance free skin moisturizers very frequent throughout the day i.e., atleast 5-6 times a day. My Daughter suffered from extreme eczema when she was a baby and I have to massage with a thick layer of moisturizer all over her body with every nappy change. By doing so I managed to do both at a time.
- Avoid bathing every day, just two baths a week are enough. Bath your baby in a lukewarm water with paraffin bath, oatmeal bath, fragrance free bath or even a medicated bath prescribed by your doctor.
- After bath pat dry with a clean towel, dont rub the skin vigorously and wipe off water partially.
- Massage your baby’s whole body with the ointment/moisturizer that suits his/her skin.
- Put comfortable loose clothes on.
- Keep nails trimmed as it might cause bleeding if your bay scratches his/her skin.
- Put socks and Mittens on of more safety.
- Keep room humid or use a humidifier for more comfort.
WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR:
If you baby is suffering from dry skin then you dont need to go to the doctor until and unless symptoms get worst and not getting better. Usually with normal dry skin, following the 10 points of management mentioned above, your baby’s dry skin gets better for sure, but even after following these 10 points, your baby’s skin is not getting better then go and see a doctor, as there are high chances of eczema in your baby. Your doctor will prescribe medicated or simple paraffin bath and ointments and steroid cream if needed.
Conclusion: From all above information, now we came to know that we can minimize the discomfort of our baby with skin dryness and eczema by following 10 points of management with proper clothing and humid atmosphere. Proper care is very important in order to avoid bleeding and infection and regular doctor’s visit is a must for proper check up and treatment. I am sure eczema can be cured by proper management and treatment. If your little one is also suffering from eczema, the I hope they will get better soon and have clear eczema free skin with a lot of beautiful smiles…:)